Programme –Coordination and Harmonization of Policies
It is observed that, generally, the cost of treatment for the same disease varies from country to country. The situation may be explained by several factors such as cost of investment in pharmaceutical and health infrastructure, legislation, taxation system, source of medicines (whether imported or locally manufactured), price policy applicable in the health sector (consultation charges and hospitalization costs), currency, etc.
Moreover, the rules and regulations applied to nationals of one country often differ from those applied to nationals of other countries of the sub-region (during investment operations). For example the difference in contraception prevalence rate can be partly explained by the differences in legislation. On the whole, the difference in health indicators and the difficulties in the sharing of health resources in the sub-region are partly due to differences in policy, standards and legislations. Best practices, standards and legislations facilitate access to healthcare and, consequently, more effective prevention and management of diseases.
Definied in Strategic orientation 1: Support for quality improvement of the health systems of the sub-region
Definition of the Problem
Differences in policies, standards and legislations, result in variable access to healthcare and hamper sharing of health resources in the sub-region.
Strategic Objective 1
To pursue advocacy and political dialogue with Member States with a view to facilitating access to quality healthcare and developing harmonized sub-regional health policies, standards and legislations..
Appropriate policies, standards and legislations developed, harmonized, adopted and implemented by Member States.
- Effective legislations developed;
- Systematic monitoring and evaluation of health policies by ECOWAS Member States undertaken;
- Management of health systems and quality of care in the sub-region improved.
- Systematic monitoring and evaluation of health systems by ECOWAS Member States undertaken;
Priority Issues to be addressed under this programme
- Reproductive and Child Health;
- Prevention of blindness;
- Non communicable diseases: hypertension, diabetes, cancers;
- Traditional Medicine;
- Drugs and vaccines;
- Gender and Health.
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